I often hear people telling me that they
don’t even know where to begin when they get an embroidery machine so today’s
episode is going to be machine embroidery 101 everything you need to
know and have to start and run a project first off materials you’re going to need
a few essential materials to get started and I’m gonna list them out for you and
explain what you’ll need them for aside from materials like fabric scissors
thread Clippers and easy to use tools like screwdrivers that usually come with
your embroidery machine you’re also going to need some machine embroidery
essentials so once I’m done telling you everything that you’re gonna need I’m
going to go over the embroidery process from start to finish so that you can
know exactly what you need to do is a start a design first off you’re gonna
need stabilizer before talking about the different kinds of stabilizers I want
you to understand what stabilizer actually does stabilizer is designed to
add an extra layer of support to your garment to kind of keep your garment in
place during embroidery usually when the machine embroidery the garment will move
around if there’s no stabilizer supporting it what would happen in this
case is that your design would turn out distorted because the Machine thinks
it’s embroidering in the same area it started but the fabric is actually
moving around stabilizer comes in different weights and categories and
typically there are three stabilizer categories cutaway tearaway and water
soluble stabilizer cutaway is the strongest of stabilizers and it’s used
for items that you wear and wash frequently and items with stretch by
stretch I mean that you can literally pull it and it feels stretching items
like these require more support in order to hold the stitches and the garment in
place during embroidery think sweaters cardigans polo shirts and plenty more
like its name suggests cut away is removed by cutting it off and then we
have tearaway on the other hand which is torn off the garment and tearaway is
used for items that don’t stretch and are not worn and washed as frequently
many embroiders go by the phrase if you don’t wear it tear it think items like
decorative bathroom and kitchen towels that don’t get used or washed frequently
tote bags clutches and caps although you do wear caps it’s something that you
don’t wash us frequently or that doesn’t have much stretch so you can use
Stairway but remember this is not all cut and dry so use your knowledge of the
item to make a decision for instance not all caps require tearaway there is an
exception when it comes to soft dad hats since they’re usually stretchy and thus
require cut away to keep the Hat stable during the embroidery process then we
have water-soluble stabilizer which is very unique because it can be used on
the top or the bottom of your embroidery design why on top because you can
actually use water-soluble stabilizer on top of your garment to prevent your
stitches from sinking into textured fabrics these are fabrics like towels
for corduroy anything that has texture to it
when using water soluble stabilizer on top of your stitches you’ll still need
to choose a backing according to what you know about the fabric for example if
you’re embroidering corduroy you’re gonna need to wash it frequently because
you’ll be wearing it frequently so you know that you should be using cutaway
stabilizer instead of tearaway as for a topping you will need to use
water-soluble topping since it is textured so when is it that you would
use water-soluble stabilizer as a backing when embroidering projects like
tulle and mash that can be seen from both sides you should definitely use a
water soluble stabilizer and that’s because water soluble stabilizer is
usually clear and it washes away so that you don’t see the backing all these
stabilizers also come in different variations depending on the project you
need to do for instance there’s poly mesh cutaway which is a softer type of
card away used for lightweight polyester shirts like performance gear for
instance and this gives the support of cutaway but it isn’t as bulky so that it
can drape well with lighter garments so that’s a pretty good overview on
stabilizers and how they work so we’re gonna move on if you want a more
detailed video on stabilizers I’m going to link a stabilizer video that we
that’s actually our first embroidered hub video so please enjoy number two is
embroidery needles now you must know machine embroiders use ZB x k5
embroidery needles and you can find these and basically any embroidery
supply store needles come in different weights and sizes with the standard size
being 75 xi an embroidery you usually use needles starting at 65 9 although
there are smaller ones so I’m going to go ahead
list out the needles that are most commonly used from smallest to largest
sixty-five nine needles are great for small text and very fine material
seventy 10 needles are used for slightly smaller texts and fine material as well
meanwhile 7511 needles are used for most embroidering projects like polos canvas
bags jeans and more we also have 8012 needles which are for thicker items like
structured caps and then we have our 90/14 needles which are used for very
hard structured hats or very thick materials like car hard jackets needles
also have points usually either sharp points or ball points generally you’re
gonna be using sharp point needles on most embroidery projects but some nits
might require ballpoint needles so make sure to have some in stock for instance
ballpoint needles would be good for thin stretchy knits like a gym shirt for more
information on needles I highly encourage you guys to watch our
embroidery episode that goes super into detail it explains what the difference
between sharp and ballpoint is everything you need to know about needle
sizes and needle finishes as well which we haven’t touched on in this episode
I’m gonna go ahead and link that below for you guys and then of course there’s
thread which also comes in different weights and types so for machine
embroidery we always recommend a 100% polyester thread since this is the type
of thread that holds up best to heat and laundering now the standard thread
weight is 40 and you’ll be using this for most embroidery projects another
common thread way is size 60 which is used for specialty small lettering
projects on lettering or details under five millimeters the most important
thing to remember is that the thread and needle must be compatible size forty
thread for instance is good for 75 11 and 80 12 needles and even 70 10 needles
but say sixty thread since it is a lighter weight requires a smaller needle
so I would use a 65 nine needle because the finer the thread is the smaller the
needle I must be as well so this right here covers top thread but we also have
bobbin thread so most commercial embroidery machines will require size L
bobbin thread and your manufacturer will be able to show you how to thread the
bobbin and insert it into your machine and that of course also is true for your
top thread so to help you guys out throughout this process we’re
going to attach our fifty fabrics guide which is a guide that I created that
tells you the right materials that you should be using depending on what fabric
you’re working with so you can go ahead and download that below next up we have
the design this is an integral part of your embroidery digitizing is the
foundation of embroidery you’re gonna need a good digitized
design to run your embroidery projects of course and digitizing for those who
don’t know is the process of converting stitches into artwork that is compatible
with the embroidery machine and a good design will really make or break you
so digitizing does require software and most embroidery machines will come with
a light version of the software just like you can get started but for the
most advanced digitizing projects you will need a full version of the software
which is usually about two thousand dollars so this is where you come to
decide whether you’re gonna outsource your digitizing or you’re going to bring
it in-house and our experience we found that most people about 80% I would say
decide to outsource when they first start and it’s usually about ten to
twenty dollars on a custom digitized design depending on what the design is
and of course many embroiders just work this into their price or they charge a
separate fee for it so for more information on digitizing I
highly recommend watching our CEO Henry Maas video he covers what embroiders
wish they knew before starting and part of that is digitizing so he kind of
gives you perspective on how you should approach your digitizing so this process
right here I’m talking about custom digitized designs but there are also
stock designs that you can purchase online and you can practice with so you
can find these stock designs on embroider design libraries like hoop
Maine for example which I will also link below so these stock designs are usually
pretty inexpensive anywhere between two dollars to six or seven dollars
depending on the design so once you receive a design from a digitizer or you
download one online make sure that you’re downloading a DST design that is
a design that works with our commercial embroidery machines so also always keep
in mind that your design size has to match the hoop dimensions that you have
so far we have our correct materials and we have our design so what is next of
course we need what we’re going to embroider it on and that is our blanks
so Blanco pero can be found online or you can also go to trade shows in your
area so you can meet wholesalers in your area sites like san martin and blank
apparel are really good places that i recommend for you guys to start I know
for sure off the top of my head blank apparel and JP shirts does not
require a tax ID for practice I also personally recommend going to the dollar
store because you can actually find some pretty good dollar blanks so I’m gonna
go ahead and link the episode where I went to the dollar store and I found a
bunch of blanks to embroider on alright so we have all of our materials from the
threads the needle the blanks now it’s machine time so when it comes to running
your machine remember every embroidery machine is different your manufacturer
will provide training on the actual operation of the machine when it comes
to the panel but the process is always gonna be the same something you should
know off the bat when starting machine embroidery is tension and basically
thread tension ensures that the thread is being stitched out properly and the
design looks nice it also ensures that you’re not having any issues such as
thread breaks so when we’re talking about tension we’re actually talking
about the tension exerted on the thread on the thread path of the machine so the
machine usually has knobs that you can go ahead and adjust the tension to make
it either tighter or looser depending on what you see now I do have a video on
visible indicators of tension issues and what you can do on your embroidery
machine to fix that up so most machines already do come pre tensions but if you
want to learn how to test your tension and you also want to learn how to
prevent thread breaks then I definitely recommend downloading our thread brake
troubleshooting guide because there’s a bonus video on tension in there so I’m
gonna go ahead and link that below so just so you guys know this is just a
side note you don’t need to do this first this is just something to always
keep in mind while you’re running your machine so again now that we have our
materials ready you’re going to just make sure that your bobbin is in and
that your thread is threaded correctly again your manufacturer will teach you
how to thread your machine and after that then we’re ready to start hooping
and centering when you’re hoping you want to make sure that you’re hooping
tight enough so that when you turn your material around on the
and you tap on it a little bit it feels tight and it feels almost like you’re
tapping on a drum something else to keep in mind when you’re hooping is that your
backing should be covering all areas of the hoop
to make sure that you have some really nice pooping tension remember that you
who can’t be too tight but also cannot be too loose for those of you super
super newbies I do have a video on hooping as well so we will link that and
this is also something that most manufacturers will show you in your
training so for instance if you want to place your design right in the center of
your garment you can actually fold your garment in half and grab a piece of
chalk or a water-soluble pen and place a mark right where that fold is you can
also measure it as well to find the center other centering tools include
embroidery helper which is a tool for left chest logo placement and the mighty
hoops and hoop master combination which is my personal favorite and we also have
a video on so if you want to learn centering and placement on your garment
from start to finish I also have a video on that so we will link that as well if
you want a better visualization of where your design is gonna fall in your hoop
I do recommend also printing the production worksheet from your software
this really helped me in the beginning when I first started for those of you
who don’t know in your software you can actually print a little color sheet and
it’s going to give you the full size of the design and it’s also going to show
you all of the colors and the order you need to set them in so I mapped out this
whole process for you guys in the video that I mentioned it goes over everything
you need to know about centering so if you’re confused as to where to mark your
placement I highly recommend watching that video so now you have your design
place correctly and you have your hoop centered and hoops then we’re gonna go
ahead and bring it over to the embroider machines so now is when you’re gonna go
ahead and use the production worksheet to tell you exactly what portion of the
design is going to be embroidered first that way you know what colors to pick on
your actual machine so after you went ahead and picked your colors you’re just
gonna go ahead and pick the hoop that you’re working with that way the machine
knows to Center it correctly so once you’re done you’re actually going to use
neat number one and line it up to that center
point that you marked on your fabric before you hooked it after that you’re
gonna go ahead and trace and you’ll see that it’s gonna land exactly where you
want it to be so now you’ve traced your design and you’re happy with where it’s
gonna land it’s time to set your speed and press start and that’s it it is as
simple as that this video is everything you need to
know to start and finish an embroidery design along with everything you need to
use to make that happen so I hope you guys enjoyed this video if you have any
further questions please feel free to comment below and we’ll get back to you
with an answer and I also want to encourage you guys especially if you’re
new to subscribe to our channel and join our Facebook group embroidery and custom
apparel mastery because you’ll be able to talk to people who have been there
done that and they’ll help you guys out with that being said I hope you guys
enjoyed this video and I hope this helps you get through your first embroidery
project and when you do don’t forget to post your embroidery project on our
Facebook group alright guys that’s it for today see you guys next time bye