Rugby is becoming more and more popular but if you don’t know the rules well how can you follow a game on television for example? this 10-minute animation will show you what rugby is all about so you can have more fun when watching a game you play rugby in a sport shirt shorts AND…. and you wear a mouth-guard to protect your teeth the ball is in oval shape and looks almost like an egg because rugby is a british game there are a lot of english expressions to make it a bit more complicated there are 2 versions of rugby rugby union and rugby league this film is about rugby union the most common type of rugby played the pitch is about the same sizes of a football pitch on the pitch there are a number of lines we start with the halfway-line from this line the game is started or restarted after someone has scored next is the 10 meter-line after the kick-off the ball must cross this line then there is the 22 meter-line this line marks the defense area next is the try-line or goal-line behind this line you can score a try also along the goal-line are the rugby posts 2 vertical posts and a cross-bar the last line is the dead ball-line and marks the end of the field on the sides, you find the 5 meter-line and the 15 meter-line during the line out the players must stay between these lines a game is 40 minutes each way and has a half time break of about 5 minutes a rugby team has 15 players 8 of them play forward these players form the scrum and the line out and do the more heavy work next we have 5 players who do most of the fast running they are called the three quarters one player is called the scrum half and they connect the forwards with the three quarters and the last player right to the back is the full back you play rugby with your hands and feet most of the time you hold the ball in your hands but rugby is a team sport so at some point you have to pass this ball to your teammates if you pass you are only allowed to throw backwords and you do this mainly by performing an underhand throw you may pass as much as you want when you kick the ball you are allowed to kick the ball forward so you can gain territory there are several ways to score points the most important way is to score a try you score a try when you place the ball on the ground behind the goal line of your opponents for this you score 5 points because you scored a try a member of your team may now kick the ball between the 2 vertical posts and above the cross-bar this is called a conversion this is an extra 2 points so togheter you score 7 points if the referee awards you a penalty kick your team can choose between starting the game again or kicking the ball between the posts if you should score your team is awarded 3 points you can also get points during an attack by performing what they call a drop kick you kick the ball between the posts scoring a drop goal this is also a 3 points suppose you throw the ball forwards or you drop the ball and it loses forward in both cases the referee will indicate that the scrum must be formed a scrum is a restart after a foul such as these the forwards of both teams standing in a specific formation against each other as you can see in this view from above next to the scrumhalf throws the ball exactly in the middle of the scrum and both teams start pushing as hard as they can to get possession of the ball at the same time they use their feet to move the ball backwards while the ball is in the scrum you are not allowed to touch it with your hands when the ball comes out of the scrum the scrumhalf passes it to one of the waiting players and the next attack begins of course the ball can’t go out of touch if the ball is out because it is kicked out or because a player holding the ball is tackled and falls across the touch line or if the foot of a player holding the ball is on the touch line the game will be restarted with a line out to form a line out the forwards of both teams standing in separate lines between the 5 and 15 meter lines the ball is then thrown exactly in the middle of the 2 lines of players the players who can jump the highest and they may also be lifted by their teammates can catch the ball or tap it to their scrumhalf with possession of the ball they can continue with the game what’s fun about rugby is that is that you can stop players by tackling them but you can only tackle a player who is in possession of the ball and you’re only allowed to use your hands arms and body you can grab the player with the ball anywhere except then neck and head you are absolutely forbidden to kick them if you do that the referee will send you off the field immediately the best way to tackle a player is to hold them around their waist or legs so that they fall during a game you will often see 2 situations a moul and a ruck during this game formations players often make a foul so the referee has to intervene but what is a moul and a ruck? suppose A PLAYER carrying the ball runs into a player who wants to tackle THEM but instead of falling to the ground they remain standing players of both teams will immediately join this formation and the ball is somewhere in the middle this setting is called the moul the player with the ball will try to turn IT back TO THE and make the ball available for the teammates if the moul takes too long the referee will decide for a scrum a ruck is formed after the player with the ball is tackled and the player falls to the ground during these moments in the game 2 very important rules come into play the player who made the tackle must let